What is TVET?

TVET stands for Technical and Vocational Education and Training. It encompasses education, training, and skills development in various occupational fields, production, services, and livelihoods. TVET prepares learners for careers based on practical activities, traditionally non-academic and directly related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation.

Scope of TVET?

TVET programmes equip learners with the practical skills and knowledge necessary for employment in various industries. These programmes cover various fields such as engineering, information technology, healthcare, agriculture, hospitality, arts and crafts, and many others. The primary goal of TVET is to ensure that individuals are ready to enter the workforce with the requisite skills and competencies that meet the demands of the job market.

Key Components of TVET

Education and Training

TVET combines classroom-based education with hands-on training. This dual approach helps learners gain theoretical knowledge and practical skills.

Skills Development

TVET emphasises the development of both technical skills and soft skills, such as communication, teamwork, problem-solving, and adaptability.

Work-Based Learning

Many TVET programmes include internships, apprenticeships, and on-the-job training to provide real-world experience and exposure to the industry environment.


Upon completing TVET programmes, learners often receive certifications or qualifications recognised by industries and employers. These certifications validate their skills and enhance their employability.

Benefits of TVET

Employment Opportunites

Employers highly seek TVET graduates due to their practical skills and job readiness. They often have better employment prospects compared to those with purely academic qualifications.

Economic Growth

TVET is integral to economic development by supplying a skilled workforce that drives productivity and innovation in various sectors.

Inclusive Education

TVET offers opportunities for individuals from diverse backgrounds, including those who may not advance in traditional academic settings, to gain valuable skills and pursue successful careers.

Lifelong Learning

TVET programmes are designed to be flexible and responsive to the labour market’s changing needs. This ensures that learners can continue to upgrade their skills and adapt to new technologies and industry trends.

TVET is a core part of the education system that bridges the gap between education and employment. TVET contributes to individual career success, economic development, and society’s overall well-being by providing learners with the skills and knowledge required for specific trades and occupations. Whether you want to enter the workforce for the first time, change careers, or enhance your skills, TVET offers a pathway to achieving your professional goals.